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中原文化对高句丽文化的影响探析

作者:yibilw 日期:2021-11-13 分类:文科论文

  摘    要: 高句丽文化是古代中原文化的重要分支,同时也是华夏文明的重要组成部分。通过辽西走廊的陆路及渤海、黄海的海路途径,中原文化源源不断地被输送到高句丽,高句丽成为中原文化重要的受容地及中转地。可以说,高句丽国家和民族文化在形成与发展过程中,通过与中原文化的碰撞和学习,形成了既有自身特色的民族文化,又极具汉文化影响的融合特征,这同高句丽与中原长期的文化交流密不可分。正因为与中原源远流长的文化交流,高句丽虽然形成了具有自身特色的文化变体,但无论怎样变化发展,其都是中原文化为根本基础下的流变和再生。同时,以高句丽为媒介和中转,中原文化又被其继续东传,影响了朝鲜半岛的百济、新罗,乃至日本列岛,使这些地区文明得以开化,文化开始昌明,高句丽成为中原文明东传的枢纽。在高句丽亡国之后,高句丽移民又将其文化回流带回中原地区,使其最终成为华夏文明的构成单元。

  关键词 :     高句丽;中原文化;交流;

  Abstract: Gaogouli culture is an important branch of ancient Central Plains culture,but also an important part of Chinese civilization.Through the land route of the Liaoxi Corridor and the sea route of the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea,the Central Plains culture was continuously transported to Gaogouli,and Gaogouli became an important accepting and transferring place of the Central Plains culture.It can be said that in the process of forming and developing the national and national culture of Gaogouli,through the collision and learning with the culture of the Central Plains,the national culture with its own characteristics was formed,and the fusion characteristics of the influence of the Han culture was very strong,which was inseparable from the long-term cultural exchanges between Gaogouli and the Central Plains.Because of the long-standing cultural exchange with the Central Plains,Gaogouli has formed its own distinctive cultural variants,but no matter how it changes and develops,it is the evolution and regeneration based on the Central Plains culture.At the same time,with Gaogouli as the medium and transit,the Central Plains culture continued to spread eastward,affecting the Paikche,Silla,and even the Japanese archipelago on the Korean Peninsula,enabling the civilization in these areas to become civilized and prosperous,and Gaogouli became the hub of the Central Plains civilization to spread eastward.After the fall of Gaogouli,the Gaogouli immigrants brought its culture back to the central plains,making it become the constituent unit of Chinese civilization.

  Keyword: Gaogouli; central plains culture; communication;

  高句丽与中原的文化交流,尽管现存典籍所载疏略,但仍然可以从仅有的文献和遗存中看出双方始终保持着密切的联系。高句丽经过汉魏以来对汉文化长期的吸收,到隋唐时代已形成了相当繁盛的地方民族文化,隋唐高度发达的文化继续对高句丽产生强烈影响。虽然隋唐两代与高句丽战争不断,但双方还是在宗教、文学、音乐、教育等方面有着频繁而广泛的交流。高句丽灭亡后,大量的入唐移民又把高句丽文化带回中原,反哺了中原文化,使其成为华夏文明的重要组成部分。

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